Pictured above is the Cawood Castle located in Cawood, England.
Cawood is a word of great antiquity. The first syllable, CA, means hollow,
also a field. The last syllable,WOOD, is self evident. It is a place-name of
Anglo-Saxon origin, and was first used to describe one who lived in a wooded
hollow or field. Cawood, England is our starting place. Cawood appears to
have been names for the family Cawood. Cawood is but a half mile from the
mouth of the Wharfe River. About the middle of the 11th century, a monk, one
Benedict of Auxerre, sailed up the Ouse on his quest to find a suitable
place to build a monastery. He came to the vicinity of Cawood, and a short
distance away, a place called Selby, built a magnificent Norman Church, in
all its majesty and splendor, on what had previously had been a wild waste
of marsh and fenland. He described it as a beautiful place. More than 900
years have passed and beautiful place can still be applied.
The town of Cawood stands on the south bank of the Ouse. From the ancient
records we know a manor house was built during the reign King Asthelstan
(924-940) and in the Norman Period it was raised to the diginity of a
castle. It was a place of resort for kings and their followings during the
war with Scotland.
Since the commencement of the family of Cawood is lost in obscurity, our
story starts with Johannes De Cawood, who as early as 1201, in the reign of
King John (1199-1216) held by grand sergeantie, one plough land in Cawood
and was hereditary Custodian of the Kings Forest between the Ouse and
Derwent. Since the office was hereditary, we know the family existed long
before that time, perhaps through the reign of William the Conqueror, or
earlier. Their office was honorable and lucrative one, for "as forest are of
great antiquity, so the care and charge of them was in England always
committed to great and honorable personages."
The obligation held by Johannes De Cawood was directly to the crown, and he
was probably not in synpathy with the barons who, in June, 1215, at
Runnymede, wrestled from King John the famous instrument known as the Magna
Carta. Continuing with our history of the Cawood family, the rule of
Archbishop Walter de Gray, (1216-1256) gives us the earliest material in
detail. The records show that on the 13th of December, 1227, the Archbishop
made the following exchange of land with Johannes De Cawood, Archbishop's
and the King's Chief Forester---"a member of the family established in
gentility in Cawood," and his heirs: We give him the toft (land suitable for
residential location) which belonged to Hugh Noren and William Motte, the
toft of Hugh Brand and Peter Carectarius (the cartman), the toft late of
Adam Forestarius (the forester), and two undivided portions of open land
which we acquired of Willam de Saneta Pace, and a portion called "'Grescroft"
in the west part of "Fleteuro." He gave us a toft late belonging to John,
son of Dreng, a toft late of Adam Parvus (the little), a toft late of Ralph,
the son of Roger, and two seylones belonging to the aforesaid toft, and all
he had in "Fleteuro."
From Johannes De Cawood the line of descent continues. According to the
record, the hereditary position of King's Forester continued in the family
for over three centuries, and thid fact is proof of descent of later
Johannes De Cawood of 1201.
The ancient records of the Cawoods were in Latin, and deciphering of many of
them turned out to be a chore, requiring many years of patient effort. Many
people were unable to read or write, and the priest of the parishes were
called upon to do this for them. This included property, deeds etc. A
reproduction of a original deed to Johannes De Cawood dated September 14,
1242 follows this page.
The notable family of Cawood remained one of great prominence in the
district for over 500 years
The above information came from this site:
The (Caywoods) Cawoods came from Cawood, a village in Yorkshire, seven miles southwest of York. The most important feature in the hamlet was the grand manor house. King Aethelstan, the first Saxon king of all Britain, and the grandson of Alfred the Great, succeeded to the throne in 924 and erected the manor three years later. Historical accounts indicate that the house was in a finished state by the time Archbishop Walter de Gray (1216 – 1256) added to it. Archbishop Neville (1373 – 1388) also "laid out much on it." In 1271 Archbishop Giffard acquired a license from King Henry III to furnish his manor house with battlements, thus converting it into a castle.
Visitations by British royalty increased the castle’s importance before and about this time, and it became known as the "Windsor of the North". King John visited it for fox hunting in 1210 and 1212. In 1255 King Henry III and his wife, Eleanor, stayed there en route to Scotland to visit their daughter, Margaret, who had married Alexander III. About 1299 King Edward I started for Scotland to subdue the Scots, who were attempting to free their country from English rule. Edward’s wife, Margurete of France, gave birth to a prince, Thomas de Brotherton, and she and her son resided at Cawood, with Edward visiting her frequently over the next five years. Edward also held some of his parliaments here. King Edward II stayed at the castle in 1314 after he was defeated in the Battle of Bannockburn. He and his queen stayed there in 1316 and again in 1322. And King Henry VIII stayed at Cawood Castle with Catherine Howard in 1540 when she was a bride.
15 January 1466
The Duke of Gloucester visited Cawood Castle for the occasion George Nevill’s enthronement as Archbishop of York and the feast held the following day. The feast is mentioned in the National Geographic, Vol. 168, No. 5, November 1985, p. 674, although there are a few discrepancies regarding the date and amount of some items.
Two thousand cooks prepared the menu:
300 quarters of wheat...;
300 tunne of ale...;
100 tunne of wyne...;
one pype of Ipocrasse...;
6 wylde bulles...;
400 mallards and teales...;
100 dozen quayles...;
200 dozen fowles called rees...;
4000 colde pasties of venison...;
1000 parted dishes of gelly...;
4000 cold baked tartes...;
3000 cold baked custards...;
2000 hot custards...;
500 and more stagges, bucks and rees...;
608 pykes and breames...;
12 porpoises and seales...;
2000 hot custards...;
204 in bitters...;
spices, sugared delicates and wafers – plentie
Obviously, these people knew the meaning of the word, "party". An enterprising young entrepreneur could have founded a family fortune by opening a "fat farm" nearby after an event like this.
At length the castle passed to Cardinal Wolsey, who let it fall into disrepair in the early part of his career (1514 – 1530), due to his residence at the Court, devotion to temporal affairs and his neglect of his diocesan duties. King Henry VIII sent Wolsey back home in 1523 after he failed to obtain a divorce from the Pope – a huge mistake on Wolsey’s part. Wolsey returned to the castle and began to restore it to its former grandeur. However, he was arrested for high treason in November, 1530 and ordered to London for trial. He left on 6 November, but took ill at Leicester and died in the Abbey there on 29 November. The story of his downfall is depicted in the children's nursery rhyme of Humpty Dumpty.
Wolsey’s successor, Edward Lee became Archbishop of York in 1531, and didn’t help the castle’s condition any by converting it into a prison. Sometime after this it was used as the headquarters of the Royal Commissioners “appointed to govern the north and put down Popery and rebellion.” Huh? The arrival of Mary Queen of Scots sparked off the Catholic rising in the north in 1569. The uprising failed and many were put to death. Oh, those Scots…
The House of Commons resolved on 30 April 1646 that several castles in the County of York, Cawood being one of them, be unoccupied, and no garrison kept or maintained in them. On 27 November of that year the Northern Committee of the Commons ordered at 2:00pm that Cawood Castle be reduced to a ruin. Some of the stone was then taken upriver to Bishopthorpe Palace, where it was used to extend the official residence of the Archbishops of York. The gatehouse and parts of the castle's foundation are all that remain. An excerpt from Who is This Fellow Cawood?, by Lawrence Cawood, 1962:
"The castle and palace are now partially in ruins, and there are fragmentary remains of foundations which seem to indicate a much greater area than presently appears. The great gateway is still intact. Over the west front of the arch runs a dado embellished with eleven shields of armorial bearings, over which is the principal window. Above the inner arch of the gateway is a beautiful mediaeval oriel window of four bays, each divided into four panels, and each of the four panels at the base contains a shield of arms. On the right of the gateway is a large brick building supposed to have originally been the chapel, lighted by six late Edwardian windows. It formerly contained an upper floor said to have been the banqueting hall of the archbishops. Only these fragmentary remains of Cawood Castle, mouldering relics of its former greatness, now exist, but the walled and moated enclosure can still be traced."
I hope to eventually have the Caywood history here which will take us back to England at the Cawood Castle (parts of the castle is still in use in the town of Cawood, England)
Descendants of Moses Cawood
Generation No. 1
1. MOSES18 CAWOOD (MOSES17, JOHN16, STEPHEN15, STEPHEN14, STEPHEN13, ROBERT12, THOMAS11, JOHN10, JOHN9, JOHN8, JOHN7, PETER6 DE CAWOOD, JOHN5, JOHN4, JOHN3, DAVID2, JOHANNES1) was born in about 1815 moved to Daviess Co., Indiana. He married NANCY GREGORY October 12, 1795 in Washington Co., VA.
Notes for MOSES CAWOOD:
About 1800 Moses moved from Washington County, VA to Blount, TN with his father. He was a cotton inspector in 1805 and a grand juror in 1806 in Blount County. About 1815 he moved to Daviess County, IN. He was an herb doctor and had a knack for writing verses. About 1852 he moved with his daughter, Nancy to Hill County, TX, where he is said to have lived to an extreme old age.
Children of MOSES CAWOOD and NANCY GREGORY are:
i. THOMAS19 CAWOOD, b. said to have left family in AL.
2. ii. JOHN CAWOOD, b. Abt. 1799, Washington Co., VA (relatives say Blout Co., TN) Davis Co., IN in 1821; d. April 1840.
iii. ROBERT CAWOOD.
3. iv. NANCY CAWOOD, b. about 1852 moved from Daviess Co., IN to Hill Co., TX, her father accompained her.
4. v. POLLY (MARY) CAWOOD.
5. vi. MOSES CAWOOD, d. November 02, 1865, Daviess Co., IN Bur. Bethel Cemetery.
Generation No. 2
2. JOHN19 CAWOOD (MOSES18, MOSES17, JOHN16, STEPHEN15, STEPHEN14, STEPHEN13, ROBERT12, THOMAS11, JOHN10, JOHN9, JOHN8, JOHN7, PETER6 DE CAWOOD, JOHN5, JOHN4, JOHN3, DAVID2, JOHANNES1) was born Abt. 1799 in Washington Co., VA (relatives say Blout Co., TN) Davis Co., IN in 1821, and died April 1840. He married LUCINDA WELLS August 19, 1830 in Daviess Co., IN. She was born in after 2nd marriage moved to Putnam Co., MO taking children with her.
Notes for JOHN CAWOOD:
These Cawoods did not move to Blout County, TN until 1800. In 1821 he was in Daviess Co., IN, where in 1831, he was Justice of Peace. In 1836, he was a merchant in Edwardsport (Knox County), IN, and is said to have been the first merchant in that town.
Children of JOHN CAWOOD and LUCINDA WELLS are:
6. i. ELIZABETH20 CAWOOD, b. 1832, Daviess Co., IN; d. 1908.
7. ii. WILLIAM CAWOOD, b. 1836, Daviess Co., IN.
iii. ELIZA CAWOOD, b. Died in infancy.
8. iv. THOMAS CAWOOD, b. March 01, 1838, Daviess Co., IN Served 1 term in SD Legislature; d. October 07, 1911, Hand Co., SD.
9. v. PRISCILLA CAWOOD, b. December 03, 1840, Daviess Co., IN.
3. NANCY19 CAWOOD (MOSES18, MOSES17, JOHN16, STEPHEN15, STEPHEN14, STEPHEN13, ROBERT12, THOMAS11, JOHN10, JOHN9, JOHN8, JOHN7, PETER6 DE CAWOOD, JOHN5, JOHN4, JOHN3, DAVID2, JOHANNES1) was born in about 1852 moved from Daviess Co., IN to Hill Co., TX, her father accompained her. She married (1) -------------------TRAMMEL. She married (2) --------------JAMES. She married (3) ---------ROZELL.
Children of NANCY CAWOOD and -------------------TRAMMEL are:
i. THOMAS20 TRAMMEL, d. died single.
ii. MOSES TRAMMEL, d. Hills Co., TX; m. ---------------PEACHEY.
iii. ELIZABETH TRAMMEL, m. JOHN PEACHEY.
4. POLLY (MARY)19 CAWOOD (MOSES18, MOSES17, JOHN16, STEPHEN15, STEPHEN14, STEPHEN13, ROBERT12, THOMAS11, JOHN10, JOHN9, JOHN8, JOHN7, PETER6 DE CAWOOD, JOHN5, JOHN4, JOHN3, DAVID2, JOHANNES1) She married WILLIAM JOHNSON.
Children of POLLY CAWOOD and WILLIAM JOHNSON are:
i. MONROE20 JOHNSON, d. Died single.
ii. ADOLPHUS JOHNSON, m. MARY ANN RISLEY.
iii. MOSES JOHNSON.
iv. ALBERT JOHNSON.
v. JENNIE JOHNSON.
vi. HENRY JOHNSON.
5. MOSES19 CAWOOD (MOSES18, MOSES17, JOHN16, STEPHEN15, STEPHEN14, STEPHEN13, ROBERT12, THOMAS11, JOHN10, JOHN9, JOHN8, JOHN7, PETER6 DE CAWOOD, JOHN5, JOHN4, JOHN3, DAVID2, JOHANNES1) died November 02, 1865 in Daviess Co., IN Bur. Bethel Cemetery. He married (1) CAROLINE TURNER. He married (2) MARIA WALLACE. He married (3) MARY JANE JOHNSTON November 15, 1843 in Daviess Co., IN. He married (4) HANNAH JANE FENTON September 21, 1848 in Knox Co., IN. She died May 03, 1864 in Davies Co., IN Bur. Bethel Cemetery.
Children of MOSES CAWOOD and CAROLINE TURNER are:
10. i. JEMIMA ANN20 CAWOOD, b. 1830, Daviess Co., IN; d. November 01, 1892.
11. ii. MARY CAWOOD.
iii. WILLIAM CAWOOD.
iv. JOSEPH CAWOOD, b. April 1840, served in Co. B, 26th IN Inf.; d. 1879; m. LOULA--------.
12. v. LOU CAWOOD.
Child of MOSES CAWOOD and MARY JOHNSTON is:
13. vi. LOU20 CAWOOD.
Children of MOSES CAWOOD and HANNAH FENTON are:
vii. GEORGE20 CAWOOD.
viii. JOHN CAWOOD.
ix. HENRY CAWOOD.
x. ANN CAWOOD, m. -------------SLOSSON.
xi. SAMUEL CAWOOD.
Note on Samuel Cawood 20... (moses19, Moses18, Moses17, John16, Stephen15, Stephen14, Stephen13, Robert12, Thomas11, John10, John9, John8, John7, Peter DeCawood6, John5, John4, John3, David2, Johannes1) Samuel Culbertson is my grandfather. He married my grandmother, Lillie Spencer and they had: Finley, Dorothy (whom I am named after), Veda and my father, Melvin James. Apparently just before grandfather married my grandmother he changed the spelling of his name from Cawood to Caywood.
Generation No. 3
I will continue the Caywood history when I can...
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